Dentures, then and now…
All the evolution we know of proceeds from the vague to the definite. Dentures are not an exemption for this evolution. Let's look into the fascinating topic about how dentures made a change over time.
Dentures timeline... (From Bronze Age to modern times)
In the Early days, dentures were unrefined, uncomfortable, and unsavory. They were unpleasant to use and were derived from unpleasant sources.
1. Second hand teeth:Around 700bc, Italians have used second hand human teeth joined by gold wires to replace missing teeth.
2. Wooden dentures:In the 16th century, Japanese have fabricated wooden dentures implanted with human/animal teeth though they were incapable of allowing speech and secure chewing, it existed till 18th century in the country.
3. George Washington’s ivory denture:In 17th century, elephant /hippopotamus ivory was carved into a denture base over which human/animal's teeth were studded. This caused stains over time and were highly susceptible to decay, infection, bad breadth.
At the same time, porcelain dentures were also invented but were found to be too brittle.
4. Vulcanite dentures:18th century, vulcanite (a hardened rubber) were invented and provided a base for dentures which were strong and also affordable.
5. 20th century innovations:In the 20th century, acrylic resins (polymethyl methacrylate) have become the materials of choice. The mankind have displayed a high level of creativity in making of cobalt chromium - Titanium cast partial dentures, valplast, biodentaplast, bps dentures, and precision attachment denture, Hybrid implant dentures which are more natural looking and also have won tHistory he slippage of dentures.
Every now and then, man's mind is stretched by a new ideas and sensation which have presented us a better prosthesis.
Reference: John Woodforde’s "The strange story of false teeth".